发布：2019-07-15 09:48:38 编辑：资源君 来源：我要资源网
This huge hollow square of 8,000 men presented an easy target for the Austrian gunners, but the unreliable quality of the troops’ morale made it impracticable to adopt a more deployed formation. Torn by shot and shell it rolled on over the plain, repulsed the Austrian skirmishers, crashed into the main line beyond, but failed to break through. A determined French cavalry charge might now have won the day—but there were no reserves available. The main attack therefore ground to a halt; the expected total victory had not yet materialized. Very soon a furious Macdonald, his command reduced to a mere 1,500 men, was demanding reinforcements.
Judging the moment opportune, Napoleon launched MacDonald in a massive attack against the juncture of III Corps and the Grenadiers in the direction of Gerasdorf. MacDonald moved forward in a huge hollow square of 21 battalions with 8000 men, supported by heavy cavalry on each flank. The dense mass suffered enormous casualties and by the time it reached the Austrian line it had slowed to a crawl, reduced to 1500 men. Napoleon reinforced MacDonald with the Bavarians and now had only two regiments of Old Guard infantry left in reserve. At this point, intervention by John might have turned the battle around, though the Austrian left flank already was compromised and the front broken on other parts of the field.
MacDonald's column had been sacrificed, Massena had retaken Aspern and the Army of Italy was fighting in Wagram.
Macdonald’s advance provides a striking example of the growing French reliance on infantry masses. The marshal organized his 8,000 men into a single column. In front, he placed two lines, each of four deployed battalions. Four battalions in column sustained the left, and nine battalion columns covered the right. A battery of a hundred guns supported his advance as he tried and failed to break the Austrian right. Macdonald lost 6,500 men, and, instead of threatening the Austrians, the emperor had to send reserves to save the column.